Language Generator 1--У кого есть, у кого нет (Who Has, Who Does Not Have)

In English we say “I have a pencil.” But Russians think about it a little differently and say “By me there is a pencil.” To build a Russian sentence about what someone has or does not have, take the word “У” from column one, take a noun from column two, then chose either есть or нет and then a word for the corresponding part of column four.

ByWhom*Is/Is noWhat is or is notNotes

У

Beside

кого́

whom

есть

is there/there is

вопро́с

a question

With есть use the nominative case for the thing in the fourth column

меня́

me


отве́т

an answer


нас

us


друг

a friend


тебя́

thee


каранда́ш

a pencil


вас

you


Би́блия

a/the Bible


него́

him


наде́жда

a/the hope


неё

her


ру́чка

a pen


них

them


де́ньги

money


Ива́на

John

нет

is there no/there is no

вопро́са

question

With нет use the genitive case for the thing in the fourth column.


Simplified rules:

Masculine: add -а

Feminine: change -а to -ы, -я to -и

Neuter: change -о to -а, -е to -я

Masculine plural: add -ов

Feminine and neuter plural: drop final vowel


А́нны

Anna


отве́та

answer




дру́га

friend




каранда́ша

pencil




Би́блии

Bible




наде́жды

hope




ру́чки

pen




де́нег

money

*If you add words to this column, be sure to put them in the genitive case. Refer to Grammar 5--Case Charts and Grammar 11--Declension of Names.

Examples

У кого́ есть Би́блия?By whom is there a Bible?
У него́ есть Би́блия.By him there is a Bible.
У меня́ нет Би́блии.By me there is no Bible.