Language Generator 3--Кому как (How it is to Whom)

When Russians talk about how their environment affects them, they use the dative case. The dative case answers the question to whom. For example, instead of saying “I am cold.” they would say “To me it is cold.” This is because to a Russian it seems illogical to make oneself the subject of a sentence about one's environment. In fact, they would understand “I am cold.” to mean “I am cold to the touch.”

Practice using the language generator below to make sentences which use the dative case to say how something is to someone.

Affected Party (in dative case) Optional ModifierCondition

Кому́

To whom

не

not

хо́лодно?

cold?

Кому-нибудь

To anyone

о́чень

very

жа́рко?

hot?

Мне

To me

не о́чень

not very

ску́чно?

boring?

Нам

To us

сли́шком

too

ма́ло?

little?

Тебе́

To thee

не сли́шком

not too

мно́го?

much?

Вам

To you

довольно

rather

доста́точно?

sufficient?

Ему́/Ей

To him/To her

немного

a little

нра́вится?

pleasing?

Им

To them


не нра́вится?

displeasing?

Ива́ну

To John


проти́вно?

repellant, off putting?

А́нне

To Anna


бы́стро?

quickly?



ме́дленно?

slowly?



мно́го со́ли?

much salt?

The sentences built using this generator can be either questions or statements depending on the intonation. For example, this a is question followed by an answer:

Вам холодно?
Мне не холодно.

Note that the modifier не negates the word which comes right after it. If you were to move it in front of a different word, you would produce a different meaning. For example:

Мне не холодно.

To me it is not cold. (I am not cold.)

Не мне холодно.

It is not to me that it is cold. (I am not the one who thinks it is cold.)

Dative case expressions like these are often the best way to translate the word for. Use one when “for you” means “from your point of view”. “Is it too fast for you?” should be translated “Вам сли́шком бы́стро?” Beginners often say “Для Вас слишком быстро?” but that would mean “Was it for you (as a favor) that they made it too fast?”