Language Generator 4--Дать что кому (Give What to Whom)

Use this generator to say that someone gave something to someone. If you wish, you can use an expression from the last column to say where he got it.

Tense

Who Gave

(subject with verb)

The Recipient

(dative)

The Thing Given

(accusative)

The Source (optional)

(preposition plus genitive)

Present(Пере)1да́й2

кому́

to whom

что?

what?

со стола́

from the table

(Пере)1да́йте3

мне

to me

каранда́ш

pencil

с таре́лки

from the plate

PastКто (пере)1да́л

нам

to us

Би́блию

Bible

из ведра́

out of the bucket

Он (пере)1да́л

тебе́

to thee

стака́н

drinking glass

из ба́нки

out of the can

Иван (пере)1да́л

вам

to you

бума́гу

paper

от Ива́на1

from John

Она (пере)1дала́

ему́

to him

свой а́дрес5

address

от А́нны1

from Anna

Анна (пере)1дала́

ей

to her

свой но́мер телефо́на5

your telephone number


Они4 (пере)1да́ли

им

to them



FutureЯ (пере)1дам

Ива́ну

to John



Мы (пере)1дади́м

А́нне

to Anna



Ты (пере)1да́шь





Вы (пере)1дади́те





Он (пере)1да́ст





Они (пере)1даду́т





1 Use the prefix пере- when there is at least one middleman. This would include ideas such as “Give him my love.” or “Please pass the butter.”

2 The implied subject is ты (thou). It is omitted in command sentences just like in English.

3 The implied subject is вы (you).

4 The subject они (they) should be left implied if the identity of the giver is unimportant such as in the sentence “They gave me a job.”

5 Naming a source is obviously not appropriate in this case.

Notice that this generator uses a different case in each of its four columns. If you want to add more words to this generator, you must put them in the proper case. The simplified rules in the chart below will help you:


MasculineFeminine
Nominativeno changeno change
Genitiveadd -аchange -а to -ы, -я to -и
Dativeadd -уchange -а or -я to -е
Accusativeadd -а if animatechange -a to -у, -я to -ю

These rules do not cover plurals or all possible exceptions. Refer to Grammar 5--Case Charts for the details.