▼PDF ▼ODT
< Vocabulary 16—Fishing

Vocabulary 16—Fishing

Fishing is a popular activity in Eastern Europe in which most males participate. Even when it is practiced for sport, the fish are usually eaten.

Fishing

ры́ба—fish

рыба́лка—the fishing grounds, the sport of fishing (see explanation below)

пойти́ на рыба́лку—to go fishing

Kinds of Fish

аку́ла—shark

форе́ль—trout

ба́са—bass

гольян—minnow

луфарь—bluefish

о́кунь—river perch

синежаберный солнечник—bluegill

сом—catfish

треска́—cod

туне́ц—tuna

уго́рь—eel

щу́ка—pike

Equipment and Materials

у́дочка—fishing pole

кату́шка—reel

спи́ннинг—rod with spinning reel

ле́ска—fishing line

крючо́к—hook

плаво́к—float

грузи́ло—sinker

поводо́к—leader

ло́дка—boat

прима́нка—bait or lure

червь—worm

блесна́—lure

нажи́вки—bait

подсо́к—landing net

Fishing Places

о́зеро—lake

река́—river

океа́н—ocean

Parts of Water Bodies

бе́рега—the shore

пове́рхность—the surface

дно—the bottom

Law

биле́т на рыба́лку—fishing license

инспе́ктор—warden

браконьёрство—poaching

разреше́ние—permission

Actions

лови́ть—to catch

вы́ловить—to catch and take out of the water

клу́нуть—to bite

зацепи́ть—to snag (as with a hook)

почи́стить—to clean

Рыбалка

The word which Russians use to refer to fishing is “рыбалка”. Whereas fishing is an activity, the рыбалка is a place. It is anywhere and everywhere where fishing is done. It is a collective noun which is always used in the singular. Someone who is away fishing is said to be at this place.


Usage Examples

Кака́я у вас здесь рыба́лка?—What kind of fishing do you have here?

Клю́нут?—Are they biting?

У тебя́ есть биле́т на рыба́лку?—Do you have a fishing license?

У тебя́ есть у́дочка?—Do you have a fishing pole?

Ле́ска порва́лась.—The line broke.

Я зацепи́л дно.—I hooked the bottom.


A TroutФорель

A BassБаса

A CatfishСом