Vocabulary 5A—Thirty Common Words
Some words are much more common than others. About 50% of the words uttered in conversation come from the 100 most used. By concentrating on the most used words you can improve your understanding of conversation much more quickly. Start by learning these 30 commonly-used words.
|а||and (but with slight contrast between the things joined)
|е́сли||if (in the sense “if...then”, but not in the sense “whether”)
|нет||no, there is no|
|у||next to or by as in “by the river”
|в||inside or into|
|э́то||this (in the sense “This is...”)
|я||меня́, мне, мной||I|
|мы||нас, нам, на́ми||we|
|ты||тебя́, тебе́, тобо́й||you (singular, informal, literally “thou”)
|вы||вас, вам, ва́ми||you (plural or formal)|
|он||его́, ему́, им||he|
|оно||его́, ему́, им||it|
|они||их, им, и́ми||they|
In English most pronouns have two forms: I/me, he/him; etc. In Russian most have four forms. For now just learn to recognize them you see them. Later we will learn what each form means.
|де́ло||neuter||business, a matter to attend to
|жизнь||feminine (3rd declension)
|рука́||feminine||hand and forearm|
Gender is a grammatical concept. Russian nouns are divided into three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. For living things gender generally corresponds to sex, but for inanimate objects it is determined by the word's form.